Mixing Xanax, Klonopin, and Benzos with Other Drugs
Xanax and Klonopin are the respective trade names for , two medications that belong to the benzodiazepine class of drugs (nicknamed “benzos”).
As sedative anxiolytic drugs, benzodiazepines help patients manage various physical discomforts and psychological conditions. or Klonopin may be prescribed if you are suffering from:
Benzodiazepine in its pure form is a psychoactive drug comprised of the chemical compounds diazepine and benzene, the latter of which (it was later discontinued for use in this manner when it was found to have carcinogenic properties).
Marketed since the 1960s, the benzodiazepine class of medications has grown to include dozens of short- and long-acting spin-off drugs, including:
Benzodiazepines are classified as central nervous system (CNS) depressants by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, which divides the drugs into two categories:
The primary therapeutic effects of benzodiazepines are:
The benefits of benzodiazepines vary based on:
Available in tablet and liquid forms, benzos are , though in some cases the drugs are . In rare circumstances, benzos are administered through .
In most cases, courses of benzodiazepines are indicated only for short-term management of anxiety. Benzo treatments lasting are usually safe, though the drugs can become .
Users may experience adverse effects through improper or excessive use and may have withdrawal symptoms once treatment has ended – especially when use is abruptly halted.
Adverse effects caused by prolonged benzo use include:
The risk of physical dependence with benzos is high, even if the drug is used correctly and over a short period. Three key indicators of physical dependence are:
With benzos, this may include:
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, benzodiazepines are .
Between 2004 and 2008, ER admissions involving benzo abuse jumped by 89%. In order of the largest percentage increase in emergency department visits, the individual benzos responsible for these admissions ranked as follows:
Xanax is the most commonly identified trade name for alprazolam. Alprazolam and all of its trade formulations are prescribed to treat anxiety. Xanax acts as a .
Xanax delivers its potent effects with a relatively swift onset of action for users .
In the short-term, patients who take Xanax for its anti-anxiety benefits are unlikely to develop significant levels of tolerance to the drug, though it can become habit-forming when used for longer than recommended durations.
Commonly seen side effects associated with Xanax use include:
are far less common, but can include:
Paradoxical symptoms are even less likely, though in certain Xanax users.
Klonopin is the U.S. , and has one of the longest half-lives of all the benzodiazepines, Klonopin is used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy (various seizure disorders). Klonopin is effective in the treatment of:
Depending on the conditions of each user and the doses administered, Klonopin can have side effects ranging from mild to severe.
Like many of its sister benzos, Klonopin can produce feelings of:
Possible yet infrequent among Klonopin users are feelings of:
Due to the tolerance potential of Klonopin, treatments are generally preferable on a short-term basis. Withdrawal symptoms may be experienced by users regardless of dosage, though the precise from person to person. Some of the worst cases of Klonopin withdrawal .
Mixing drugs is never recommended, yet interactions between benzos, alcohol, and other drugs (both prescription and illicit) often depends on the specific substance combination in question.
Some people choose to use benzos with other substances simply to experience a different type of high than benzos alone. Others use stimulant substances to counter the depressant effects of benzos so they can enjoy the relaxing sensation while feeling alert and awake.
When it comes to hallucinogens like LSD, .
The sedative nature of benzos may also alleviate symptoms that typically occur during methamphetamine comedowns, such as irritability and insomnia, and may be used to blunt the negative effects of cocaine use, such as anxiety, agitation, or paranoia.
Potentially more dangerous are mixtures of benzos and opioids, both of which have central nervous system depressing effects. Opioid drugs such as heroin, morphine, methadone, and codeine put people into mellow states, as do benzos, so it’s no surprise that some of the most dangerous cases of polydrug use involve multiple depressants.
If the sedatives in benzos cross with the downer effects of opioids, the .
In fact, between 2005 and 2011, nearly were related to the use of benzodiazepine medications combined with either opioids or alcohol. The combination of benzodiazepines and opioids has been found to increase the risk of a serious outcome by 37% compared with benzos alone.
Co-abusers of benzos with opioid painkillers report that they use these substances together because they believe that it can enhance the opioid high.
Benzos may be used to boost the effects of opioids, or to substitute for other sedative-hypnotic drugs that the person has built up a tolerance to.
Benzos and alcohol make another extremely dangerous combination, because alcoholic beverages also act as depressants on the CNS, and work via similar communication pathways in the brain.
These compounding effects lead to additive interactions between benzos and alcohol, increasing the risks associated with each individual drug, particularly breathing problems.
When a person takes a benzo and drinks large amounts of alcohol, the body’s ability to metabolize both substances is impaired. This effect may not be seen with lower amounts of alcohol, but in either scenario, the user may still experience the intense compounding effects of both substances.
It only takes a couple of drinks to exacerbate the process of other chemicals in the body, which can severely boost the potency of already powerful sedative drugs such as Xanax and Klonopin. Users may also be at much greater risk while under the influence of alcohol, because drunkenness can lead to forgetful and irresponsible behavior concerning medicine consumption.
The American Academy of Family Physicians suggest that benzos are rarely the sole drugs of choice among substance abusers, as summarized by the following findings:
Concurrent substance abuse of benzodiazepines and other drugs often . Because every drug interacts with benzos differently, and each user will have their own particular treatment needs, it is important to consider these key aspects when evaluating a program:
and withdrawal from benzos alone can cause life-threatening symptoms, let alone the combination with other risky drugs, such as alcohol. Benzodiazepines, in particular,.
for someone recovering from polydrug abuse.
are a major part of treatment for substance abuse, especially for polydrug abuse. There are many different approaches to therapy, so make sure the facility is willing to work with you to find the kind that is most effective for you.
Sobering up from concurrent abuse of benzodiazepines and other drugs is often an uncomfortable experience, so finding the right treatment facility can make a big difference in a person’s recovery. Luxury and executive programs place a big focus on comfort and providing patients with things to do to distract themselves from their discomfort.
Luxury programs provide various amenities for patients to take advantage of, such as:
They may also offer more one-on-one care than many traditional programs, which does come with a higher price tag. Both luxury and traditional can provide high-quality treatment that will help users through recovery, so if cost or comfort is a major concern for you, be sure to when evaluating programs.