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Choosing the Best Exclusive Schizoid Personality Disorder Treatment Center

What Is Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Schizoid personality disorder is a serious mental health condition which can put a person at greater risk for drug abuse.  Because of this, it is important to have at least a basic knowledge of this issue.

An Overview of the Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid personality disorder is a condition in which people avoid social activities. They consistently shy away from interaction with others and also have a limited range of emotional expression.  If a person has this disorder, they might be characterized as a loner or dismissive of other people. It might be difficult to form close personal relationships and it might appear as this person doesn’t care about others or what’s going on around them.1

This long-standing pattern of detachment from social relationships makes it difficult f or a person to express themselves and will often do so only in a very restricted range.2

On the schizophrenic spectrum, schizoid disorder is the mildest form, though it shares symptoms with the more severe forms. The biggest distinction is that people who have schizoid have a firm grip on reality. That is to say that although they often blame others for their inability to engage socially, they don’t have intense delusion or hallucinations.2

People who have this condition often have difficulty expressing anger, which contributes to the impression that they lack emotion. Their lives often seem to be without direction, and they might never reach their goals. Passive reactions to adverse circumstances make it difficult for people with schizoid to respond correctly to live events.

A personality disorder is a consistent pattern of inner experiences and outward behaviors that deviate from the social norms. These patterns are seen in cognition, interpersonal functioning, and impulse control. For people with schizoid personality disorder, the patterns become rigid and inflexible. This leads to impairment in social, work, and all other functional areas.2

Development of Schizoid Personality Disorder

Since research still hasn’t uncovered the cause of schizoid personality disorder, there are a variety of theories about the development of the condition. Many experts subscribe to a model that is both biological and social. These include the following.3

  • How a person interacts in their early development with their family, friends, and other children
  • The individual’s personality and temperament
  • How their personality is shaped by their environment
  • Learned coping skills to deal with stress or the absence of these skills
  • Research suggest that there is no single factor responsible, but that all factors are intertwined.

Criteria for Schizoid Personality Disorder

A person might have schizoid personality disorder if they meet four or more of the following criteria:

  • Doesn’t enjoy or want close relationships with anyone
  • Almost always wants to do solitary activities instead of being part of a group
  • Has little interest in having sexual experiences
  • Takes pleasure in very few activities
  • Lacks close friends
  • Appears indifferent to criticism and praise
  • Shows emotional detachment

Risk Factors for this Disorder

The following factors can put someone at greater risk for schizoid personality disorder:

  • Having a parent who was not emotionally demonstrative.
  • Having an immediate family member who is diagnosed with a disorder on the schizophrenic spectrum.
  • Being abused, mistreated, bullied or teased as a child.

A diagnosis of this condition can increase the potential for developing other conditions, like substance and alcohol abuse problem.3

Treatment Options

Though this condition can be challenging to treat, it is possible to find relief from the symptoms that prevent a person from connecting with others in a meaningful way. Some people find it easier to form relationships based on intellectual pursuits instead of those that rely on emotional intimacy. One on one therapy can feel intimidating, since self-disclosure can be a particular challenge.

Here are a few ways to get the most out of the experience:

  • Gather medical information. It is useful to have access to old medical records so the new mental health treatment team knows which medications and treatments that have already tried and how effective they were.
  • Notate current symptoms. Keep a journal to log symptoms (including how often those symptoms are experienced) for at least a week before starting treatment. Also how long they have been an issue.
  • Prepare to share trauma history. If there is a history of sexual, physical or emotional trauma, be prepared to talk about it with the mental health professional.
  • Ask a family member to attend sessions. It can be helpful to have someone there to help discuss questions and recall needed information.


  1. Mayo Clinic. (2017). Schizoid Personality Disorder.
  2. Bressert, S. (2019). Schizoid Personality Disorder.
  3. Esterberg, M.L., Goulding, S.M., Walker, E.F. (2010). A Personality Disorders: Schizotypal, Schizoid and Paranoid Personality Disorders in Childhood and AdolescenceJ Psychopathol Behav Assess, 32(4), 515–528.

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