A form of dementia, multi-infarct dementia (MID) is caused by a series of mild strokes and causes a loss of brain function that may affect your loved one’s ability to remember things, make informed and appropriate decisions, and speak and communicate effectively, according to Medline Plus.
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Are You at Risk for a Multi-Infarct Dementia?
Then you may be at an increased risk of experiencing an MID.
Multi-Infarct Dementia Quick Facts
- After Alzheimer’s disease, dementia is most commonly caused by multi-infarct dementia in Americans over the age of 65.
- MID is a disorder that most often affects people between the ages of 55 and 75.
- Multi-infarct dementia is caused by a series of strokes (“multi” means many and “infarct” often refers to stroke).
- More men than women are affected by MID.
- MID dementia symptoms may happen all at once or gradually after each small stroke.
Possible Complications Caused by MID
- Heart disease
- Inability to care for oneself
- Inability to communicate with others
- Future strokes
- Infections and bed sores
Hope on the Horizon
Though currently the prognosis for those with multi-infarct dementia is relatively poor, there is a great deal of research being done that may improve the outlook for patients. Both the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) supports ongoing research through funding to major medical institutions as well as conducting its own original research. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the focus is on prevention as well as treatment of symptoms of multi-infarct dementia.
What to Expect From MID Treatment
Though patients can experience an improvement in symptoms for periods of time, in general, the expectation is that they will continue to get progressively worse. The goal of treatment is not to reverse the brain damage done by the stroke but to improve your loved one’s quality of life as much as possible. This comes through a concerted effort to prevent future strokes which could further diminish your loved one’s ability to function on a day-to-day basis.
- Nutritious eating
- Regular, gentle exercise
- No smoking
- No more than a half a glass of red wine a day
- No illicit substances or alcohol other than the occasional glass of wine
- Maintaining a healthy weight