Cocaine Rehab Treatment
Table of Contents
Cocaine rehab refers to addiction treatment programs that offer well-rounded treatment that walks the patients through the entire process of recovery, starting with the first day that they stop abusing cocaine.
According to PubMed Health, cocaine addiction is a chronic disease characterized by relapse that can be difficult to treat, but with proper treatment and follow-up care, the prognosis for a stable recovery is as positive as it is for other chronic medical ailments like diabetes or asthma.
The best chances for a successful recovery come to those who undergo a full treatment program. Cocaine detox alone is not enough to address the many different issues that cause and are caused by cocaine addiction. Instead, cocaine detox is the first step in treatment and only effective when followed up by a multi-faceted addiction treatment program that includes a number of different therapies and, in some cases, pharmacological resources.
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The National Institutes of Health reports that, in 2009, almost five million Americans over the age of 12 had abused cocaine by snorting or injecting the drug and an additional million Americans say they abused crack in the year prior to the survey. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA’s) National Survey on Drug Use and Health reports that about 11.3 percent of those who enroll in drug rehab do so to get the help they need to fight cocaine addiction. Unfortunately, this only represents a small number of those living with an active addiction to cocaine and crack – so many do not receive the help they need to recover and build a new life without drug dependence.
How to Know if Someone Needs Cocaine Rehab
More than almost any other drug, there are several distinct signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction (or cocaine abuse) that should provide family and friends with the evidence they need to know if their loved one has a problem.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), these telltale signs include:
- Seemingly endless amounts of energy
- Constant restless behavior
- Sudden loss of appetite
- Mood swings
- Constant sniffing
- Weight loss
- Multiple trips to the bathroom
These are the most common short-term symptoms of cocaine use. Long-term signs of cocaine addiction include difficulty breathing, violent outbursts, paranoia and a pronounced tolerance to the drug (meaning they need more and more of it to achieve the desired “high”).
Risks of Avoiding Rehabilitation
During the ‘70s and ‘80s, cocaine was viewed as harmless, a designer drug used by those who could afford it so they could stay up later and drink at parties. Over time, research and anecdotal evidence revealed cocaine for what it is – a dangerous drug with serious long-term health consequences and risks of psychological and emotional disorders that can last a lifetime.
NIDA reports that some of the risks associated with untreated cocaine addiction include:
- HIV and hepatitis B and C. Those who abuse cocaine with needles have an increased risk of contracting these highly contagious diseases.
- Birth defects. Pregnant mothers who abuse crack or cocaine in any form risk giving birth to babies with congenital heart defects, low birth weights, cocaine addiction and more.
- Financial problems. Cocaine is expensive and most who become addicted end up losing everything to the drug.
- Health problems. Heart disease, heart failure, liver problems and other serious issues become bigger and bigger concerns as cocaine addiction and abuse goes on.
- Psychological issues. Acute problems of hallucinations, paranoia and anxiety are common during cocaine abuse. When long-term cocaine abuse continues, these mental health problems can remain after the drug is no longer in effect.
Detoxification at a Center
The first phase of a cocaine rehab treatment plan focuses on helping the patient flush the drugs out of his or her system through detox. This happens when the patient, first, stops abusing cocaine and, second, works through the related withdrawal symptoms until physical and emotional stability is achieved.
Patients may experience a range of emotions including cravings, agitation and irritability. In most cases, the primary withdrawal symptoms associated with cocaine detox and addiction are emotional and psychological, but physical issues can crop up as well. It’s not uncommon for patients to experience insomnia, nausea and other physical complications.
A cocaine treatment that includes cocaine detox will staff medical personnel around the clock in order to monitor the patient’s progress and condition. If there are any complications or stabilization medication required, patients will have immediate access to what they need at a residential program. The detox process could last anywhere from three days to a week.
Medication Used at Rehab
There is no single “wonder drug” that can wipe out cocaine addiction. However, there are some pharmacological options for treating the intense cravings that most patients experience when they stop abusing cocaine. According to a study published in The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2009; 35(3): 161–177, some options include:
- Antidepressants. Depression is often an emotional consequence of quitting drugs of any kind and if the symptoms persist, antidepressants may help ease the experience of detox and emotional unrest associated with early recovery.
- Sedatives. For those who experience anxiety, sedatives may be appropriate during the first 24 to 36 hours of recovery. These will help patients who are experiencing hallucinations and/or paranoia to stabilize so they can begin detox and addiction treatment.
- Anti-craving medication. Bromocriptine is a common medication prescribed to help patients fight cravings as well normalize their sleep patterns and give them increased energy during the process. Amantadine may be prescribed for the same purpose.
- Beta blockers. Drugs like propanolol may compress the impact of adrenaline associated with cocaine withdrawal, helping patients to stabilize and focus.
Treatment at a Center
Once cocaine detox is complete, the patient can approach the real work of treatment with an open mind and a clear head. The physical cravings for cocaine can be managed, but what is key to recovery is an understanding of the core problems associated with the patient’s need for the drug. These underlying causes are often rooted deep in the psyche of an individual, and need to be explored and examined. This treatment approach often includes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) accomplished through private sessions.
Treatment work continues beyond personal therapy sessions through group therapy, support groups like 12-step recovery, family therapy, and alternative treatments. These many different forms of exploration into the underlying traumatic incidents that happened before and during active addiction can help patients to make real psychological breakthroughs that will help them become stronger in the face of temptation.
Choosing the Right Rehab Program
There are a number of different treatment options available to those in recovery for cocaine, and each one offers different benefits and considerations. According to a study published in the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, each type of cocaine rehab option can be helpful; it’s just a matter of matching the right program to the right patient for optimal effect. Some cocaine rehab programs include:
Find a Brighter Tomorrow at Cocaine Rehab
Rehabs.com staff counselors are available 24 hours a day to assist you in your search for rehabilitation. Call the number listed above to discuss your personal issues with cocaine addiction or the addiction patterns of a loved one you would like to see get help at a rehab.
Sober Living Homes
Sober living provides patients who have completed cocaine rehab with the opportunity to increase their chances of success in recovery. Choosing a sober living estate means opting for a safe environment that mimics the 24-hour supervision and sober-free support provided by a residential addiction treatment – but with the freedom necessary to begin to build an independent life in recovery.
Patients can expect:
- House expectations. This can mean taking on cooking responsibilities, cleaning, and other maintenance and upkeep just like they would at home.
- House meetings. It’s normal to expect a certain amount of friction with different personalities live in the same house. Meetings will help to smooth out issues and address problem areas.
- 12-step meetings. In most cases, patients will be expected to attend a certain number of 12-step meetings each week as they build a life out in the community.
- Sober companions. As patients begin the process of finding a job and/or a new place to live, they may be allowed to leave the sober living estate as long as they have a sober companion from the house.
- Ongoing treatment. Many patients who stay in sober living will continue to take part in personal therapy, group sessions and other treatment options – especially if they opt for a sober living program attached to their cocaine rehab.
Cocaine rehabilitation can mean the difference between life and death if you are unable to stop abusing cocaine on your own. The good news is that our counselors are standing by to help you find the best possible treatment program for your needs. Call now.
Components of Effective Cocaine Rehab
A uniquely personalized treatment plan at your cocaine rehab of choice will help you to get the most out of your time in treatment and build toward a long-term sobriety.
- Medical treatment. Detox is a big part of cocaine rehab, the first step that creates the foundation for the rest of recovery. It can be difficult to stop abusing cocaine and you may not feel well physically at first, but knowing that medical treatment is ready and available can help you to relax knowing that help is there if you need it.
- Medication. Especially when a co-occurring mental health disorder plays a part in your addiction experience, medication can be helpful for you to find stability more quickly in treatment.
- Psychotherapy. Personal therapy, family therapy, creative therapies, sports therapies, alternative therapies – all of these and more can be woven into your program to help you get the most out of your time in rehab.
- Aftercare services. It is crucial to remain deeply integrated with your recovery through aftercare services after you return home or complete an outpatient rehab program. Sober living, continued therapy, and other options can help you to keep your goals for your sobriety in focus.
Are you ready to enroll in the right cocaine rehab center for you? Contact us at the phone number listed here and get one step closer to the life you envision for yourself.