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Street Names and Nicknames for Cocaine

Cocaine has various nicknames including coke, blow, coca, nose candy, snow, and flake.1,2,3,5 Street names for crack include rocks, gravel, sleet, and nuggets. Combinations of cocaine and other drugs have their own street names, which include speedballs and cocoa puffs. Cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant.1,2,3 While cocaine is a Schedule II drug, meaning it can be administered by a doctor for medical uses (a very limited number of them), it has a high potential for abuse and addiction development; all recreational use of cocaine is illegal.1,2 Cocaine is typically encountered as a fine, white, crystalline powder and is commonly snorted, smoked, injected, or swallowed.1,2,3,4 

Street Names for Cocaine

Cocaine is a highly addictive drug with powerful stimulant effects.Cocaine is a highly addictive drug with powerful stimulant effects.1,3 Many find the allure of the cocaine high difficult to resist and its potent physiological actions (e.g., vasoconstriction, raised blood pressure) can proved dangerous even after a single use.

As a popularly used illicit substance, cocaine has accumulated its fair share of aliases. Many of the monikers or nicknames used to refer to cocaine and cocaine use are derived from cocaine’s appearance or from popular methods of using cocaine.

Those who use street names and nicknames may be doing so in an attempt to make their cocaine use much less conspicuous. Cocaine users may be able to get away with openly referencing their drug use by using these words in everyday conversation—dodging the scrutiny of authorities and family members.

Their purpose toward these ends relies on non-drug users remaining unfamiliar with the oft-changing designations. Inevitably, by the time that a slang drug reference has become a part of our modern vocabularies, active drug users will have moved on to new ones to further promote the deception.

It would be difficult to list all the street names and nicknames for cocaine since they often vary by region or country and, furthermore, because users are constantly coining novel terms to describe the drug.

Some of the more popular and enduring names used in the United States include the following:1,2,3,5

  • Coke.
  • Flake.
  • Snow.
  • Blow.
  • White.
  • Toot.
  • Base.
  • Basa.
  • Powder.
  • Dust.
  • Big Rush.
  • Pearl.
  • Candy.
  • Cola.
  • C.
  • Big flakes.
  • Nose candy.
  • Baseball.
  • Bump.
  • Line.
  • Rail.
  • Snow.
  • Stash.
  • Yeyo.

Street Names for Crack Cocaine

Crack cocaine also has its own street names. Crack cocaine is a freebase, crystalline form of cocaine that can be smoked. Nicknames for crack cocaine include the following:2,3

  • Snow coke.
  • Rocks.
  • Black rock.
  • Chemical.
  • Candy.
  • Nuggets.
  • Gravel.
  • Grit.
  • Hail.
  • Hard rock.
  • Jelly beans.
  • Cookies.
  • Dice.
  • Purple caps.
  • Scrabble.
  • Yam.
  • Sleet.
  • Tornado.

In less than five minutes, see if your loved one—or you—is addicted to cocaine. Take our online confidential survey.

Street Names for Cocaine Mixtures

Cocaine obtained on the street is sometimes laced with other drugs or later mixed with different substances by those looking to achieve a different type of high when it is used. Some of the more frequently encountered substance combinations are created by mixing cocaine with other drugs including amphetamine, heroin, and synthetic opioids (such as fentanyl).2,3

Nicknames for these drug mixtures may include:

  • Speedball.
  • Spaceball.
  • Woo-woo.
  • Cocoa puffs.
  • Woolies.
  • Boy-girl.
  • Candy flipping.
  • Flamethrowers.

Cocaine use results in increased activity of the neurotransmitter known as dopamine—a signaling chemical in the body that plays a role in the brain’s reward system, as well as in mediating pleasurable or euphoric experiences.2,3,6 Excessive use of cocaine and repeated manipulation of this reward system can quickly lead to physiologic dependence and/or addiction.

How to Know If Your Loved One Is Doing Cocaine

Short-term effects of cocaine use may include anxiety.Although this list of cocaine slang is not an all-inclusive list, it is important to be aware of some of the various street terms and nicknames, especially if you are a parent. Teens may try to hide cocaine use from their parents by using less common terminology that their parents might not be familiar with.

Knowing the various names for cocaine may help parents identify drug use in the household and hopefully allow them to take action (e.g., seeking treatment) before their child either develops an addiction or begins to experience the health consequences associated with substance misuse.

Other Signs of Cocaine Use

Cocaine is a relatively short-acting yet powerful drug that can have devastating effects on one’s health—both acutely and chronically. In addition to hearing someone use cocaine nicknames, there are several possible signs and symptoms of cocaine use.

Short-term effects may include:2,7

  • Anxiety, panic.
  • Irritability, paranoia, restlessness.
  • Erratic, aggressive behavior.
  • Headache, dizziness.
  • Nausea and abdominal pain.
  • Enlarged pupils.
  •  Increased body temperature.
  • Constricted blood vessels, increased heart rate, blood pressure..
  • Abnormal heart rhythms, heart attack, stroke.
  • Muscle twitches, tremors, seizures.
  • Sudden death, coma.

Long-term effects may include:8

  • Profound sleep deprivation, irritability.
  • Frequent panic attacks, paranoia, possible psychosis.
  • Decreased appetite, weight loss, dehydration and malnourishment.
  • Consequences from snorting cocaine: difficulty swallowing, nosebleeds, decreased sense of smell, nasal septum irritation/ulceration/perforation, hoarse throat, runny nose.
  • Consequences from consuming cocaine by mouth: intestinal gangrene (tissue death).
  • Consequences from injecting cocaine: development of deadly, allergic reactions to either cocaine or its impurities, in the case of street cocaine, abscess, sepsis, increased risk of contracting communicable illnesses.

Withdrawal Symptoms of Cocaine

Many knowledgeable about cocaine’s withdrawal syndrome would advise those who’ve made the decision to quit using cocaine to seek the supervision and supportive care offered from a structured detoxification program. While acute cocaine withdrawal seldom presents immediately life-threatening physical hazards, it can be a difficult-to-endure start to your recovery efforts. The following unpleasant withdrawal symptoms may be seen, with a few of them—depression and suicidal ideation—warranting vigilant medical care:2,3,5,8

  • Withdrawal symptoms of cocaine can include trouble sleeping and bad dreams.Cocaine cravings
  • Anxiety and concentration problems
  • Trouble sleeping and bad dreams
  • Hypersomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Depression, decreased ability to feel pleasure, suicidal thoughts
  • Slowed psychomotor functioning
  • Involuntary motor movements
  • Muscle and bone pain
  • Chills
  • Increased appetite

Finding a Cocaine Treatment Center

Cocaine’s powerful grasp can prove very difficult to overcome by yourself. Furthermore, the onset of troublesome withdrawal symptoms can weaken your resolve to quit.

Cocaine addiction treatment programs, however, can help you succeed in your journey in recovery. Most programs will involve some combination of detox, group and individual therapy, relapse prevention skills, and aftercare planning for ongoing recovery work. There are several types of programs to be aware of:

Luxury rehab programs tend to offer much privacy as well as a range of plush, resort-like amenities—all in addition to a comprehensive residential recovery program.

Executive programs allow busy professionals to remain active in their work life throughout their recovery process.

Traditional rehab programs usually cost a bit less than their luxury/executive counterpart programs. Treatment can still be top notch, however—whether you choose an inpatient or outpatient program.

Survey shows that luxury treatment is worth the investment

Changes in Treatment Preferences Before and After TreatmentRecovery Brands collected data in 2016 asking those leaving a recovery treatment facility what program aspects they saw as top priority things to look for when examining programs. The top-rated priority was the clinic’s financial practices, for example payment options, financial support, and insurance accepted. They also appreciated facility offerings (extra activities, facility housing, recreation, etc.) much more after finishing treatment. Individuals looking at treatment programs may want to consider a center’s payment policies as well as the full range of facility offerings to inform their final treatment choice. Read more

Sources

  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine: What is cocaine?
  2. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). DrugFacts: Cocaine.
  3. National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens. (2019). Cocaine.
  4. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (n.d.). Cocaine (Coke, Crack) Facts.
  5. U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2016). MedlinePlus: Cocaine.
  6. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine: How does cocaine produce its effects?
  7. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine: What are the short-term effects of cocaine use?
  8. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine: What are the long-term effects of cocaine use?

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