Drug Rehab Stats
Drug abuse and addiction are considerable problems. The disease of addiction can affect families emotionally, physically and psychologically. When faced with a drug abuse condition in your home, it is easy to feel alone and confused about where to find help. We’ve compiled a collection of statistics that not only indicate how widespread the issues of addiction and abuse are when it comes to drugs, but also to show you that you are not alone. There are many other individuals and families who have dealt with the very serious disease of drug addiction.
Emergency Department Statistics for Drug-Related Visits
Drug abuse is not limited to one type of drug. No single drug is worse or better than another when the abuse begins to tear away the foundation of a family, but there are various types of drugs of abuse spread throughout the drug using community. The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), a division of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, compiles a report annually that reveals the number of emergency department visits that occur because of substance abuse. The National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits report for 2009 indicates that 2.1 million visits to emergency rooms nationwide were connected in some way with drug misuse or outright abuse. That averages out to an estimated 674.4 visits each year per 100,000 people in the population. More than 5,000 visits to emergency rooms each day are attributed to drug abuse.
The types of drugs most commonly abused or misused include a wide variety. Some of these visits are related specifically to pharmaceutical drugs, such as Vicodin, Lortab or Xanax. Others are a mixture of prescription drugs and illicit drugs, such as heroin or methamphetamine. Still others involve the use of alcohol in addition to prescription or illicit drugs. The largest percentage of visits involved the use of prescription drugs with no other substances. This particular drug of abuse saw increased prominence in emergency room visits across the board from 2004 to 2009:
- Emergency room visits for nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals alone: 117 percent increase
- Emergency room visits for pharmaceuticals with illicit drugs: 97 percent increase
- Emergency room visits for pharmaceuticals with alcohol: 63 percent increase
- Emergency room visits for pharmaceuticals used with illicit drugs and alcohol: 76 percent increase
Treatment Program Statistics
Entering a drug rehab facility is a very private and personal matter. When a person makes the decision to seek help, whether in an inpatient residential facility or an outpatient program, he or she may feel embarrassed or ashamed; therefore, the privacy policies for rehab facilities are quite stringent. Because of this, it is difficult to obtain the exact numbers concerning how many individuals seek treatment each year. The actual number of admittance events is reported anonymously to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to be incorporated into a report annually; however, it must be understood that the number of admits into a facility may not accurately reflect the number of individuals who are seeking treatment. For example, an admission to one facility by John Q. Public in January is counted, and if John enters another rehab in November, he is counted again. When John finishes his inpatient treatment, he may enter an outpatient program for further care. That admission would also be counted for purposes of the SAMSHA report.
The Treatment Episode Date Set (TEDS) is a system that compiles information provided by rehab and treatment centers around the country. The most recent report highlights admissions for the years 1997 through 2007 for various drugs and alcohol abuse treatments. The total number of admissions for drug treatment reported in the United States in 2007 was approximately 1.8 million.
Another study, conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, indicated that 23.5 million individuals suffered from an illicit drug abuse or alcohol problem in the year 2009. A mere 11.2 percent, or 2.1 million people, obtained help from a specialized facility.
Addiction Treatment Statistics for Heroin
In 1997, there were 235,143 admissions for the treatment of heroin as the primary or gateway drug. The individuals seeking treatment may also have been abusing or misusing other drugs, but heroin addiction was indicated as their primary issue. In 2007, this number increased to 246,871 treatment admissions. The number of admission peaked in 2002 when there were 286,157 admissions for heroin addiction to treatment centers nationwide.
While the initial reaction to a downward trend in individuals seeking rehab for heroin may be one of relief, it should also be noted that heroin is still available across the United States and that availability is increasing, according to the Department of Justice. Their 2010 National Drug Threat Assessment for heroin indicates that the cost of heroin is decreasing, the purity of the drug when it hits the streets is increasing, and that drug producers in Mexico are partly responsible. With an increase of nearly 350 percent in heroin production over the course of only four years, Mexican drug cartels produce approximately 38 metric tons of pure heroin each year.
Abuse Statistics for Cocaine
There are two forms of cocaine. The first is a powder which is typically inhaled, or snorted. The second is a rock form of cocaine which is superheated in a pipe and smoked, known on the streets as “crack” because of the crackling sound it makes when the crystal fractures during the heating process. Crack cocaine represents significantly more admissions to treatment facilities nationally than its powder counterpart. For instance:
- In 1997, non-smoked cocaine accounted for 61,870 admissions, while smoked cocaine represented 174,900 admissions.
- During the peak years, non-smoked cocaine saw 74,764 admissions (2006) and smoked cocaine accounted for 186,973 admissions (1998).
- Most recently, in 2007, admissions for non-smoked cocaine dropped from the 74,764 mentioned here to 66,858, while smoked cocaine admissions came in at 167,914.
Cocaine can also be abused intravenously as an injected drug. The admissions described here place both the powder and liquid (injected) forms of cocaine into the same category.
Cocaine in any form is highly addictive. The manner in which an individual takes in the cocaine can also affect the length of time that it takes for addiction to set in. For instance, when an individual uses powered cocaine by snorting the drug, the drug might take a few minutes to produce the desired results, but the “high” might last from 15 to 10 minutes. On the other hand, if a drug user smokes the rock form of cocaine, the results are immediate, but last only five or 10 minutes. In order to maintain the effects of the drug, in both cases, the cocaine addict must take more drugs into their system. The individual who smokes cocaine will take in more drugs, more often, therefore increasing the speed with which the body develops a tolerance to the drug. Tolerance is one of the first stages of addiction.
Marijuana is the single most abused drug in the United States, according to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health as reported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The report indicated that 15.2 million individuals had used the drug in the 30 days prior to taking part in the study. By contrast, in the 2007 TEDS report, only 287,933 admissions to drug treatment reflected marijuana as the drug of choice.
Smoking or otherwise ingesting marijuana is also popular among our nation’s youth. In fact, according to the Monitoring the Future Survey – conducted annually at the University of Michigan with monies provided by the National Institute on Drug Abuse – marijuana use is on the rise. The survey collects anonymous answers provided by a national sample of students from the 8th to the 12th grades at public and private schools with 47,000 participants. While use of marijuana has remained steady for two years among 8th graders, it is still higher than at any time since 2003. This evidence suggests that its use among 8th graders is still rising.
Other concerns to note include:
- All grade levels show an increase in daily (or almost daily) marijuana use.
- Three consecutive years show that fewer teens are seeing marijuana as being dangerous.
- Fewer teens disapprove of marijuana use, in correlation with the lack of perceived risk.
- One in 15 high school seniors is using marijuana daily or near daily, the highest rate in 30 years.
Synthetic marijuana is also an issue. Included for the first time in the 2011 Monitoring the Future Survey, “Spice,” also known as “K2,” is a synthetic cannabinoid that has been showing up on the radar of national drug control organizations. Among high school seniors, 11.4 percent of students indicated they had used this alternate drug in the 12 months prior to the survey. The survey was conducted, however, relatively shortly after this drug was placed on the DEA’s list of Schedule I substances as an emergency, temporary measure. Also, 18 states have banned the product which has generally been sold online, at convenience stores and gasoline stations or in known tobacco shops that cater to marijuana smokers.
Help for Drug Abuse and Addiction
Drug abuse and addiction can seriously alter the course of anyone’s life for the worse. If you or someone you love is addicted to drugs, or abusing them, contact Rehab Info today. We can put you in touch with high-quality rehabilitation programs that can help you get on track